Identifying Gel X Allergy Symptoms
- Redness, swelling, inflammation around the nails: One of the first signs is red, irritated, puffy skin around the nail bed and cuticles. This indicates an inflammatory reaction.
- Itching around the nails and fingers: Itching, tingling, or burning sensations around the nails points to an allergy. This is caused by histamine release.
- Small blisters or bumps: Allergic contact dermatitis can result in fluid-filled blisters, hives, or bumps around the nails.
- Peeling/cracking skin: The skin around the nails may start to peel, flake, or crack. This happens as the swollen skin dries out.
- Pain or tenderness: There may be a feeling of soreness or tenderness around the nail beds, especially if blisters form.
- Rash development: Rashes like eczema or hives may appear around the fingers and hands along with the nail issues.
- Spreading to other fingers: The reaction often starts in one nail but can spread to other fingers as you continue to use the gel polish.
It is important to note that even if these symptoms are present, it does not mean that you have an allergy. They can also be a sign of a nail infection which, in my experience, has similar symptoms but takes a little longer to develop.
Additionally, it’s very common for your nails to be a little sore after a manicure, usually due to filing and pushing back the cuticle.
What Causes Gel X Nail Allergies?
Gel X nails are a type of artificial nail enhancement made with a gel polish that is bonded to the natural nail using a specialized gel resin or glue.
The main cause of gel x nail allergies is contact with the chemicals in the gel x ingredients and glue. The following substances often trigger reactions:
- HEMA (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) – This is one of the most common allergens found in gel polish. HEMA helps the polish adhere to the nails. It can cause redness, blistering, and itching.
- Other methacrylates – Gel x contains acrylate monomers like ethyl methacrylate (EMA), hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA), and butyl methacrylate (BMA). These can also lead to skin irritation and allergic reactions.
- Formaldehyde – While most gel x polishes are labeled “formaldehyde-free”, trace amounts may be present. Formaldehyde is a known skin irritant and allergen.
- Parabens – Parabens are preservatives like methylparaben and butylparaben. They help extend the shelf life of gel polishes. Parabens can instigate allergic reactions in some people.
- Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) – DBP is a plasticizer used to make nail polishes more flexible and durable. However, it’s known to cause skin and eye irritation.
- Acrylates – Acrylates in the gel x glue like ethyl cyanoacrylate can lead to burning, stinging, redness, and swelling.
How to Treat an Allergic Reaction to Gel X Nails?
Remove the Gel X Nails
The first and most important step in treating a gel x nail allergy is to remove the source of the reaction – the gel x nails. Soak off the gel polish using pure acetone and foil wraps to fully dissolve the product. This will stop further exposure and allow the skin to start healing. Be thorough in the removal process to get all traces of the gel x.
Use Topical Steroid Creams
After removing the gel x nails, start applying topical steroid creams like over-the-counter hydrocortisone 1-2 times per day. The steroids reduce inflammation, redness, and itching around the nails caused by the allergic reaction. Make sure to gently clean and dry the skin before applying the cream. Continue using the topical steroids for 3-5 days after the reaction subsides.
Oral antihistamines like loratadine or cetirizine can help control allergy symptoms like rashes, hives, and itching. Antihistamines work by blocking histamine release, which is part of the body’s inflammatory reaction. Take antihistamines daily as directed on the package until several days after your symptoms improve.
Apply Cold Compresses
Applying cold, wet compresses to the affected nails several times a day can provide relief from swelling, pain, and irritation. The cold constricts blood vessels to reduce inflammation. Make sure to not apply ice directly as this can damage the skin. Use a clean cloth soaked in cold water and apply for 10-15 minutes at a time.
Tips to Prevent an Allergic Reaction to Gel X Nails
Use a HEMA-Free Builder Gel
Using a HEMA-free builder gel instead of regular Gel X glue can help prevent allergic reactions. HEMA (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) is one of the most common allergens found in gel polishes. It helps the polish adhere to the nails but can cause redness, blistering, and itching. Look for builder gels that are explicitly labeled “HEMA-free” or “non-HEMA”. These will avoid this particular allergen. However, HEMA-free gels still contain other potentially irritating chemicals like acrylates or methacrylates. So allergic reactions are still possible, just less likely.
Avoid Contact with Skin
It’s important to prevent the Gel X glue from getting on your skin during the application process. Use cuticle guards and be very careful applying product around the edges of the nails. This protects your sensitive skin from exposure. Also, if any excess gel does get on your skin, immediately wipe it away with a cotton pad and rubbing alcohol. Leaving gel residue on the skin allows chemicals to be absorbed and increases allergy risk.
Cure Thoroughly Under UV Lamp
Ensuring the Gel X nails are fully cured under the UV lamp can help avoid reactions. Incomplete curing means the chemicals can still leach out and cause skin irritation. Cure the nails under a UV lamp for 60-90 seconds after application to get proper hardening. Also, use a high wattage 48W+ lamp which allows the UV light to fully penetrate through the thick gel x nails.
Take Breaks Between Gel X Manicures
Taking breaks between Gel X manicures helps prevent buildup of chemicals on the nails and skin that could lead to developing an allergy. Avoid back-to-back gel x applications. Give your nails a break of 1-2 manicures in between by using regular polish or going bare. This avoids constant exposure and reduces sensitization over time.
How To Safely Apply Gel X Nails?
Step 1: Prep the Nails
Properly prep the natural nails before applying gel x. Push back and thoroughly clean under the free edge. Use a dehydrator to remove shine and prep for adhesion. Apply a nail primer as a base coat to help the gel x bond to the natural nail.
Step 2: Avoid Skin Contact
Take steps to avoid getting the gel x glue on the skin during application. Apply cuticle guards around the full nail. Use a smaller brush and less product to prevent overflow. If any glue does spill onto the skin, immediately wipe it away with a cotton pad and rubbing alcohol.
Step 3: Apply a Thin Layer of Glue
The gel x glue layer should be very thin, just enough to fully cover the natural nail. Spread a small amount evenly starting from the cuticle down to the tip. Avoid over-filing the nails, which thinning them out and requiring more glue.
Step 4: Cure Each Nail Fully
After applying the gel x glue to each nail, immediately cure it under an LED lamp for 30-60 seconds before moving to the next nail. This prevents running and smudging. Once all nails have glue, do a final cure of all nails together for 60-90 seconds. Use a 48W+ lamp.
Step 5: Monitor for Reactions
Carefully monitor the nails and surrounding skin for any signs of reactions like redness, swelling, itching or rashes. Discontinue use immediately if any irritation develops and see a doctor to test for specific allergens.
While gel x allergies are uncommon, being aware of the causes, prevention, and treatment can let you safely enjoy chip-free nails. If you experience any reaction, act quickly to remedy. For more tips on nailing your perfect mani, read more of our Villa Nails blog.